Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2023
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Consolidation, Subsidiaries or Other Investments, Consolidated Entities, Policy [Policy Text Block]



BBX Capital, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company” or, unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, “we,” “us,” or “our”) is a Florida-based diversified holding company. BBX Capital, Inc. as a standalone entity without its subsidiaries is referred to as “BBX Capital.”


Principal Holdings


BBX Capital’s principal holdings are BBX Capital Real Estate, LLC (“BBX Capital Real Estate” or “BBXRE”), BBX Sweet Holdings, LLC (“BBX Sweet Holdings”), and Renin Holdings, LLC (“Renin”).


BBX Capital Real Estate


BBX Capital Real Estate is engaged in the acquisition, development, construction, ownership, financing, and management of real estate and investments in real estate joint ventures, including investments in multifamily rental apartment communities, single-family master-planned for sale housing communities, and commercial properties located primarily in Florida. Since November 2018, BBX Capital Real Estate has owned a 50% equity interest in The Altman Companies, LLC (the “Altman Companies”), a developer and manager of multifamily rental apartment communities. As further described in Note 2, in January 2023, BBX Capital Real Estate acquired the remaining equity interests in the Altman Companies. In addition, BBX Capital Real Estate manages the legacy assets acquired in connection with the Company’s sale of BankAtlantic in 2012, including portfolios of loans receivable, real estate properties, and judgments against past borrowers.


BBX Sweet Holdings


BBX Sweet Holdings is engaged in the ownership and management of operating businesses in the confectionery industry, including (i) IT’SUGAR, a specialty candy retailer whose products include bulk candy, candy in giant packaging, and licensed and novelty items and which operates in retail locations which include a mix of high-traffic resort and entertainment, lifestyle, mall/outlet, and urban locations throughout the United States and Canada, and (ii) Las Olas Confections and Snacks, a manufacturer and wholesaler of chocolate and other confectionery products which also operates several Hoffman’s Chocolates retail locations in South Florida.




Renin is engaged in the design, manufacture, and distribution of sliding doors, door systems and hardware, and home décor products and operates through its headquarters in Canada and manufacturing and distribution facilities in the United States and Canada. In addition to its own manufacturing activities, Renin also sources various products and raw materials from China, Brazil, and certain other countries.




In addition to its principal holdings, the Company has investments in other operating businesses, including (i) a restaurant located in South Florida that was acquired in 2018 through a loan foreclosure and (ii) an entity which provides risk management advisory services to the Company and its affiliates, including Bluegreen Vacations Holding Corporation ("Bluegreen Vacations"), and which, prior to February 2023, acted as an insurance agent for the Company, its affiliates, and other third parties. In February 2023, substantially all of the assets of its insurance agency business were sold to an unaffiliated third party. 


Basis of Accounting, Policy [Policy Text Block]

Basis of Financial Statement Presentation 


The condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company include the consolidated financial statements of BBX Capital and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, other entities in which BBX Capital or its wholly-owned subsidiaries hold controlling financial interests, and any variable interest entities (“VIEs”) in which BBX Capital or one of its consolidated subsidiaries is deemed the primary beneficiary of the VIE. Inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.


In the Company’s opinion, the financial information furnished herein reflects all adjustments consisting of normal recurring items necessary for a fair presentation of its financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the interim periods reported in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.  The condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, these financial statements do not include all of the information and disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements. Also, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes are presented as permitted by Form 10-Q and should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 (the “2022 Annual Report”) filed with the SEC on March 15, 2023.


Use of Estimates, Policy [Policy Text Block]

Use of Estimates


The preparation of financial statements prepared in conformity with GAAP require the Company to make estimates and assumptions, including assumptions about current and future economic and market conditions which affect reported amounts and related disclosures in the Company’s financial statements. Due to, among other things, the impact and potential future impact of the current inflationary and geopolitical environment, rising interest rates, labor shortages, supply chain issues, ongoing economic uncertainty, a possible recession, and pandemic and public health issues, actual conditions could materially differ from the Company’s expectations and estimates, which could materially affect the Company’s results of operations and financial condition. The severity, magnitude, and duration, as well as the economic consequences, of the above conditions are uncertain, rapidly changing, and difficult to predict. As a result, the Company’s accounting estimates and assumptions may change over time in response to changes in, and the impact of, such external factors. Such changes could result in, among other adjustments, future impairments of intangible assets, long-lived assets, and investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries and additional future reserves for inventory and receivables.


Accounts Receivable [Policy Text Block]

Construction Contracts Receivable


Contracts receivable include billed and unbilled amounts for services provided to customers for which the Company has an unconditional right to payment. Billed and unbilled amounts for which payment is contingent on anything other than the passage of time are included in contract assets and contract liabilities on a contract-by-contract basis. When payment of the retainage is contingent upon the Company fulfilling its obligations under the contract, it does not meet the criteria to be included in contracts receivable until the contingent obligation is satisfied. The Company provides an allowance for doubtful accounts, which is based upon a review of outstanding receivables, historical collection information, and existing economic conditions. The Company generally requires payment from its construction contract customers within a term of 30 days less an amount withheld for retainage. Retainage is paid in accordance with contract terms, which is generally upon reaching significant milestones or upon completion of the contract. 


Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities


The timing of when the Company bills its customers on construction and development contracts is generally dependent upon agreed-upon contractual terms, which may include the completion of certain phases of the work, or when services are provided. When billings occur subsequent to revenue recognition as a result of contingencies, such billings are recorded in unbilled revenue, which is included in contract assets. Additionally, the Company may receive advances or deposits from customers before revenue is recognized, resulting in deferred revenue, which is included in contract liabilities. Retainage for which the Company has an unconditional right to payment that is only subject to the passage of time are classified as contracts receivable. Retainage subject to conditions other than the passage of time do not meet the definition of a receivable and are therefore included in contract assets and contract liabilities. Contractor and development fees received from customers, but not yet billed or recognized as revenue are reflected as contract liabilities, and contractor and development fees recognized as revenue and not yet billed are reflected as contract assets. Retainage receivable and retainage payable subject to conditions, such as the completion of the project, are contract assets or contract liabilities. Uninstalled materials and deposits for materials are included in contract assets as the Company receives funds from the customer to purchase materials or to fund a deposit for the purchases of materials.   


Revenue [Policy Text Block]

Revenue from Construction Contracts


Revenue from construction contracts represents revenue earned from providing general contractor services to affiliated joint venture entities for the construction of multifamily apartment communities.


Revenue from construction contracts with these customers is recognized over time as work is completed due to the continuous transfer of control to the customer. The Company measures contract progress using the input method which recognizes revenue based on costs incurred to date relative to total estimated costs to complete the contract, subject to adjustments to exclude certain costs that do not depict progress toward the completion of the contract. These excluded costs include uninstalled materials, deposits for the purchase of materials, and insurance costs. Material costs are included in the measure of contract progress when installed. 


Cost of revenue from construction contracts earned include all direct material and labor costs and those indirect costs related to contract performance, such as indirect labor, supplies, tools, and repairs. Costs related to significant uninstalled materials, re-work, or scrap are generally excluded from the cost-to-cost measure of progress, as they are not proportionate to the Company’s progress in satisfying the performance obligation to its customers.


The Company’s construction contracts generally include retention provisions to provide assurance to customers that the Company will perform in accordance with the terms of the contracts. The amounts billed but not paid by customers pursuant to these retention provisions generally become due upon completion of the project and acceptance by the customers of the completed project. The retention provisions are not considered a significant financing component of the contracts.


The Company’s construction contracts give rise to several types of variable consideration, including contract modifications (unapproved change orders and claims), cost overruns, shared savings, and other terms that can either increase or decrease the transaction price for the contracts. The determination of the transaction price for contracts requires the Company to evaluate and include variable consideration to which the Company has an enforceable right to compensation or an obligation for a reduction in compensation, which can result in increases or decreases to a contract’s transaction price. The Company estimates variable consideration for its construction contracts as the most likely amount to which it expects to be entitled, or to pay in the case of cost overruns. The Company includes variable consideration in the estimated transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. The estimates of variable consideration and the determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on an assessment of the anticipated performance and all information that is reasonably available to the Company, including historic, current, and forecasted information. The effect of a change in variable consideration on the transaction price related to a performance obligation is recognized as an adjustment to revenue on a cumulative catch-up basis.


Contract modifications can result from changes in contract specifications or requirements that either creates new or changes existing enforceable rights and obligations of the parties to the contract. The Company considers unapproved change orders to be contract modifications for which customers have agreed to changes in the scope of the contract but have not agreed to the price.


Real Estate Development and Management Fees


Development management fees represent revenue earned from providing oversight and consultation services to affiliated entities related to the development of multifamily apartment communities, while management fees represent revenue earned from the management of multifamily apartment communities for affiliated joint venture entities and third parties.


The Company recognizes development management fees for the performance of oversight and consultation services related to the development and construction of multifamily apartment communities from the inception of the development project to the completion of the construction, including securing construction financing, performing pre-development activities such as sourcing of land for acquisition, permitting and feasibility studies, overseeing construction activities, and managing the costs to complete the construction of the project. The Company’s development contracts are generally each accounted for as a single performance obligation, as the services performed are highly interrelated and not separately identifiable within the context of each contract. Customers simultaneously receive and consume the benefits provided by the Company’s performance as the Company performs under the contracts. Accordingly, the Company recognizes revenue related to development fees over time through the completion of the related development project, and the Company measures contract progress using the input method which results in the recognition of revenue based on the development costs for the project spent to date relative to the total estimated development budget, subject to adjustments to exclude certain development costs that do not depict progress toward the completion of the development project. These excluded costs include marketing costs, property taxes, and unused development contingencies.


The Company recognizes property management fees for the performance of management services related to the day-to-day operations of multifamily apartment communities for affiliated joint venture entities and third parties. The services performed include the leasing of residential units at the communities, collection of rents, arrangement for repairs and maintenance, staffing of on-site personnel, and reporting on the operations of the communities to the customers. The property management agreements pursuant to which such services are provided have terms of one year and are automatically renewed until terminated in writing by either party with thirty days notice. The Company’s property management contracts are generally each accounted for as a single performance obligation, as services provided are highly interrelated and an expected bundled service is to be provided to the Company’s customers. Customers simultaneously receive and consume the benefits provided by the Company’s performance as the Company performs under the contracts. Accordingly, the Company recognized management fees over time, on a daily basis, as services are performed.


Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Current Economic Issues, Policy [Policy Text Block]

Impact of Current Economic Issues 


The Company and the industries in which it operates have been impacted by economic trends in the U.S. and global economies, including (i) decreased consumer demand, (ii) disruptions in global supply chains, (iii) a general labor shortage and increases in wages, (iv) increased economic uncertainty, (v) inflationary pressures and higher costs to operate the Company’s businesses, including higher insurance costs, and (vi) rising interest rates. In light of the uncertain duration and impact of current economic trends, the Company has focused on maintaining significant liquidity. As of September 30, 2023, the Company’s consolidated cash and cash equivalent balances were $102.5 million, and its securities available for sale, which are primarily comprised of U.S. Treasury and federal agency securities with maturities of less than one year, were $44.9 million.


Current inflationary and economic trends have and may continue to adversely impact the Company's results of operations. The Federal Reserve has sought to address inflation through monetary policy, including the wind-down of quantitative easing and by increasing the Federal Funds rate. The Russian invasion of Ukraine and the related embargoes against Russia have worsened supply chain issues with the potential for the conflict in the Middle East further exacerbating inflationary trends and increasing uncertainty regarding supply chain disruptions. The recent bank failures and the banking liquidity crisis have increased the possibility that the United States and/or the global economy generally will experience a recession of an uncertain magnitude and duration. These conditions can negatively affect our operating results by resulting in, among other things: (i) higher interest expense on variable rate debt and any new debt, (ii) lower gross margins due to increased costs of manufactured or purchased inventory and shipping, (iii) a decline in the availability of debt and equity capital for new real estate investments and the number of real estate development projects meeting the Company’s investment criteria, (iv) higher overall operating expenses due to increases in labor and service costs, (v) a reduction in customer demand for our products, (vi) a shift in customer behavior as higher prices affect customer retention and higher consumer borrowing costs, including mortgage borrowings, affect customer demand, and (vii) increased risk of impairments as a result of declining valuations.


BBXRE has experienced a significant increase in commodity and labor prices, which has resulted in higher development and construction costs, and disruptions in the supply chain for certain commodities and equipment have resulted in ongoing supply shortages of building materials, equipment, and appliances. These factors have impacted the timing of certain projects currently under construction and the commencement of construction of new projects. Furthermore, homebuilders have seen a general softening of demand, and the increase in mortgage rates have had an adverse impact on residential home sales. In addition, rising interest rates have increased the cost of the Company’s outstanding indebtedness and financing for new development projects. Increased rates has had an adverse impact on the availability of financing and the anticipated profitability of development projects, as (i) a majority of development costs are financed with third party debt and (ii) capitalization rates related to multifamily apartment communities are generally impacted by interest rates. BBXRE has also recently observed a decline in the number of potential investors interested in providing equity or debt financing for the development of new multifamily apartment developments and the acquisition of stabilized multifamily apartment communities. Such factors have begun to impact BBXRE’s results of operations, and we expect that they could continue to have an adverse impact on its operating results in future periods.


Similarly, as a result of inflationary pressures and ongoing disruptions in global supply chains, IT’SUGAR was experiencing significant increases in the cost of inventory and freight, as well as delays in its supply chain that were impacting its ability to maintain historical inventory levels at its retail locations. While IT’SUGAR was previously able to partially mitigate the impact of increased costs through increases in the prices of its products, IT’SUGAR has been required to slow the pace of increases in the prices of its products due to the recent decline in consumer demand, which has resulted in declines in its selling margins. Further, as a result of issues relating to maintaining appropriate inventory levels, IT’SUGAR increased the inventory levels at its retail locations in an effort to ensure that it can meet consumer demand. However, in light of current economic conditions, including a slowdown in consumer demand, increased inventory levels have increased the risk that IT’SUGAR may be unable to sell the products timely and the risk of inventory writedowns. IT’SUGAR has also experienced an increase in payroll costs as a result of shortages in available labor at certain of its retail locations.


Global supply chain disruptions and increases in commodity prices have also contributed to a significant increase in Renin’s costs related to shipping and raw materials, as well as delays in its supply chains, which have: (i) negatively impacted Renin’s product costs and gross margin, (ii) increased the risk that Renin will be unable to fulfill customer orders, and (iii) negatively impacted Renin’s working capital and cash flow due to increased inventory in transit, a prolonged period between when it is required to pay its suppliers and when it is paid by its customers, and an overall decline in its gross margin. While Renin has increased the price of many of its products, Renin’s gross margin has nonetheless been negatively impacted by these cost pressures. Additionally, the negotiation of increased prices with customers increases the risk that customers will pursue alternative sources for Renin’s products, which may result in Renin losing customers or require it to lower prices in an effort to retain customers. Increases in interest rates are also adversely impacting Renin’s results. In addition, as a result of issues relating to maintaining appropriate inventory levels, Renin increased its inventory levels in an effort to ensure that it can meet customer demand. However, current economic conditions, including a slowdown in consumer demand, have increased the risk that Renin may be unable to timely sell such products and the risk of inventory writedowns. In addition, the impacts of these factors have negatively impacted Renin’s ability to comply with covenants under its credit facility with TD Bank, and based on its operating results, Renin is again not in compliance with certain of the financial covenants under the facility. Renin is currently in discussions with TD Bank to update or waive certain of the loan covenants under the credit facility. As a result of its noncompliance, Renin could lose availability under its revolving line of credit, be required to provide additional collateral, or be required to repay all or a portion of its borrowings with TD Bank, any of which would have a material adverse effect on the Company’s liquidity, financial position, and results of operations.  In October 2023, Renin's TD Bank Credit Facility was amended to temporarily increase the availability under the revolving line of credit from $22.0 million to $24.5 million through November 2023, and BBX Capital contributed $1.25 million to Renin to prepay a portion of the outstanding balance on the term loan under the TD Bank Credit Facility.  However, at the time of the October 2023 amendment, Renin remained out of compliance with the financial covenants and TD Bank did not waive such noncompliance or agree to amend the covenants.


New Accounting Pronouncements, Policy [Policy Text Block]

Recently Adopted and Future Adoption of Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements


The Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") has issued the following accounting pronouncements and guidance relevant to the Company's operations which were adopted as of January 1, 2023:


ASU No. 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers. This standard is an update to Topic 805 requiring an acquirer to recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities acquired in a business combination as if the acquirer had originated the contracts. Generally, this should result in an acquirer recognizing and measuring the acquired contract assets and contract liabilities consistent with how they were recognized and measured in the acquiree’s financial statements. This statement was effective for the Company on January 1, 2023, and interim periods within that fiscal year. The adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.


ASU No. 2023-05, Business Combinations (Topic 805-60): Account for Joint Venture Formations - Recognition and Measurements. This standard is an update to address the accounting for contributions made to a joint venture, upon formation, in a joint venture’s separate financial statements. There has been diversity in practice in how a joint venture accounts for the contributions it receives upon formation. Some joint ventures initially measure their net assets at fair value at the formation date, while other joint ventures initially measure their net assets at the venturers’ carrying amounts. To reduce diversity in practice and provide decision-useful information to a joint venture’s investors, the FASB decided to require that a joint venture apply a new basis of accounting upon formation. This update does not amend the definition of a joint venture (or a corporate joint venture), the accounting by an equity method investor for its investment in a joint venture, or the accounting by a joint venture for contributions received after its formation. The Update is effective prospectively for all joint venture formations with a formation date on or after January 1, 2025. A joint venture that was formed before January 1, 2025 may elect to apply the amendments retrospectively if it has sufficient information. Early adoption is permitted in any interim or annual period in which financial statements have not yet been issued (or made available for issuance), either prospectively or retrospectively. BBX Capital has not yet adopted this standard and is currently evaluating the potential impact of the statement on its consolidated financial statements.