Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Note 1 - Organization

Note 1 - Organization
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2022
Notes to Financial Statements  
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements Disclosure [Text Block]

1. Organization


BBX Capital, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “Company” or, unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, “we,” “us,” or “our”) is a Florida-based diversified holding company. BBX Capital, Inc. as a standalone entity without its subsidiaries is referred to as “BBX Capital.”


Spin-Off from Bluegreen Vacations


Prior to September 30, 2020, the Company was a wholly-owned subsidiary of Bluegreen Vacations Holding Corporation (“Bluegreen Vacations”) (formerly known as BBX Capital Corporation), whose principal holdings were Bluegreen Vacations Corporation (“Bluegreen”), BBX Capital Real Estate LLC (“BBX Capital Real Estate” or “BBXRE”), BBX Sweet Holdings, LLC (“BBX Sweet Holdings” or "BBXSH"), and Renin Holdings, LLC (“Renin”). On September 30, 2020, Bluegreen Vacations completed a spin-off which separated Bluegreen Vacations’ business, activities, and investments into two separate, publicly-traded companies: (i) Bluegreen Vacations, which continues to hold its investment in Bluegreen, and (ii) BBX Capital, which continues to hold all of Bluegreen Vacations’ other businesses and investments, including BBX Capital Real Estate, BBX Sweet Holdings, which currently owns over 90% of IT’SUGAR, LLC (“IT’SUGAR”), and Renin. The spin-off was consummated on September 30, 2020 with the distribution by Bluegreen Vacations to its shareholders of all of the outstanding shares of BBX Capital’s Common Stock through the distribution of one share of BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock for each share of its Class A Common Stock and one share of BBX Capital’s Class B Common Stock for each share of its Class B Common Stock. Accordingly, following the spin-off, Bluegreen Vacations ceased to have an ownership interest in the Company, and Bluegreen Vacations’ shareholders who received shares of BBX Capital’s Common Stock in the distribution became shareholders of the Company.


In connection with the spin-off, BBX Capital was converted from a Florida limited liability company into a Florida corporation and changed its name from BBX Capital Florida LLC to BBX Capital, Inc.  In addition, in connection with the spin-off, Bluegreen Vacations issued a $75.0 million note payable to the Company that accrues interest at a rate of 6% per annum and requires payments of interest on a quarterly basis. Under the terms of the note, Bluegreen Vacations has the option in its discretion to defer interest payments under the note, with interest on the entire outstanding balance thereafter to accrue at a cumulative, compounded rate of 8% per annum until such time as Bluegreen Vacations is current on all accrued payments under the note, including deferred interest. All outstanding amounts under the note will become due and payable on September 30, 2025 or earlier upon certain other events. Bluegreen Vacations is permitted to prepay the note in whole or in part at any time. In December 2021, Bluegreen Vacations prepaid $25.0 million of the principal balance of the note, reducing the outstanding balance to $50.0 million.


In October 2020, BBX Capital’s Class A Common Stock commenced trading on the OTCQX Best Market under the ticker symbol “BBXIA,” and its Class B Common Stock commenced trading on the OTC Pink Market under the ticker symbol “BBXIB.”


Principal Investments


The Company’s principal holdings are BBX Capital Real Estate, BBX Sweet Holdings, and Renin.   


BBX Capital Real Estate


BBX Capital Real Estate is engaged in the acquisition, development, construction, ownership, financing, and management of real estate and investments in real estate joint ventures, including investments in multifamily rental apartment communities, single-family master-planned for sale housing communities, and commercial properties located primarily in Florida. Since November 2018, BBX Capital Real Estate has owned a 50% equity interest in The Altman Companies, LLC (the “Altman Companies”), a developer and manager of multifamily rental apartment communities. As further described in Note 3, in January 2023, BBX Capital Real Estate acquired the remaining equity interests in the Altman Companies. In addition, BBX Capital Real Estate manages the legacy assets acquired in connection with the Company’s sale of BankAtlantic in 2012, including portfolios of loans receivable, real estate properties, and judgments against past borrowers.


BBX Sweet Holdings


BBX Sweet Holdings is engaged in the ownership and management of operating businesses in the confectionery industry, including (i) IT’SUGAR, a specialty candy retailer whose products include bulk candy, candy in giant packaging, and licensed and novelty items and which operates in retail locations that include a mix of high-traffic resort and entertainment, lifestyle, mall/outlet, and urban locations throughout the United States, and (ii) Las Olas Confections and Snacks, a manufacturer and wholesaler of chocolate and other confectionery products which also operates several Hoffman’s Chocolates retail locations in South Florida.


BBX Sweet Holdings owns over 90% of the equity interests in IT’SUGAR. Prior to September 22, 2020, the Company consolidated the financial statements of IT’SUGAR and its subsidiaries as a result of its over 90% ownership of IT’SUGAR. On September 22, 2020, IT’SUGAR and its subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions to reorganize under Chapter 11 of Title 11 of the U.S. Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”) in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Florida (the “Bankruptcy Court”) (the cases commenced by such filings, the “Bankruptcy Cases”), and as a result of the filings and the uncertainties surrounding the nature, timing, and specifics of the bankruptcy proceedings, the Company deconsolidated IT’SUGAR on September 22, 2020. On June 16, 2021, the Bankruptcy Court confirmed IT’SUGAR’s plan of reorganization, and the plan became effective on June 17, 2021 (the “Effective Date”). Pursuant to the terms of the plan, BBX Sweet Holdings’ equity interests in IT’SUGAR were revested on the Effective Date, and all organizational documents of IT’SUGAR were assumed, ratified, and reinstated. As a result of the confirmation and effectiveness of the plan and the revesting of its equity interests in IT’SUGAR, the Company was deemed to have reacquired a controlling financial interest in IT’SUGAR and consolidated the results of IT’SUGAR into its consolidated financial statements as of the Effective Date. See Note 23 for further discussion.





Renin is engaged in the design, manufacture, and distribution of sliding doors, door systems and hardware, and home décor products and operates through its headquarters in Canada and manufacturing and distribution facilities in the United States and Canada. In addition to its own manufacturing activities, Renin sources various products and materials from China, Brazil, and certain other countries. In October 2020, Renin acquired substantially all of the assets and assumed certain of the liabilities of Colonial Elegance, a supplier and distributor of building products headquartered in Montreal, Canada. Colonial Elegance’s products included barn doors, closet doors, and stair parts, and its customers included big box retailers in the United States and Canada which were complementary to and expanded Renin’s existing customer base.




In addition to its principal holdings, the Company has investments in other operating businesses, including (i) a restaurant located in South Florida that was acquired in 2018 through a loan foreclosure and (ii) an entity which provides risk management advisory services to the Company and its affiliates, including Bluegreen Vacations, and previously acted as an insurance agent for the Company, its affiliates, and other third parties.  In February 2023, the entity sold substantially all of the assets of its insurance agency business, although it will continue to provide risk management advisory services to the Company and its affiliates, including Bluegreen Vacations.


Impact of Current Economic Issues and the COVID-19 Pandemic 


Economic trends in the U.S. and global economies and the industries in which the Company operates, have impacted the Company by contributing to (i) decreased consumer demand, (ii) disruptions in global supply chains, (iii) employee absenteeism and a general labor shortage, and (iv) increased economic uncertainty. In light of the uncertain duration and impact of current economic trends, the Company has focused on maintaining significant cash balances. As of December 31, 2022, the Company’s consolidated cash balances were $127.6 million.


Current inflationary and economic trends have and may continue to adversely impact our results of operations. The Federal Reserve has sought to address inflation through monetary policy, including the wind-down of quantitative easing and by increasing the Federal Funds rate. The Russian invasion of Ukraine and the related embargoes against Russia, as well as the impact of the efforts by China to mitigate COVID-19 cases in that country, worsened supply chain issues with the potential of further exacerbating inflationary trends. It is possible that the United States and/or the global economy generally will experience a recession of an uncertain magnitude and duration as a result of monetary policies addressing inflationary trends and for other reasons. These conditions can negatively affect our operating results by resulting in, among other things: (i) higher interest expense on variable rate debt and any new debt, (ii) lower gross margins due to increased costs of manufactured or purchased inventory and shipping, (iii) a decline in the availability of debt and equity capital for new real estate investments and the number of real estate development projects meeting the Company’s investment criteria, (iv) higher overall operating expenses due to increases in labor and service costs, (v) a reduction in customer demand for our products, (vi) a shift in customer behavior as higher prices affect customer retention and higher consumer borrowing costs, including mortgage borrowings, affect customer demand, and (vii) increased risk of impairments as a result of declining valuations.


BBXRE has experienced a significant increase in commodity and labor prices, which has resulted in higher development and construction costs, and disruptions in the supply chain for certain commodities and equipment have resulted in ongoing supply shortages of building materials, equipment, and appliances. These factors have impacted the timing of certain projects currently under construction and the commencement of construction of new projects. Furthermore, homebuilders have seen a general softening of demand, and the increase in mortgage rates have had an adverse impact on residential home sales. In addition, rising interest rates have increased the cost of the Company’s outstanding indebtedness and any financing for new development projects.  Increased rates have also had an adverse impact on the availability of financing, and the anticipated profitability of development projects, as a majority of development costs are financed with third party debt and capitalization rates related to multifamily apartment communities are generally impacted by interest rates. BBXRE has also recently observed a decline in the number of potential investors interested in pursuing equity or debt financing for new multifamily apartment developments and the acquisition of stabilized multifamily apartment communities. Although such factors have not yet materially impacted BBXRE’s results of operations, we expect that they may have an adverse impact on BBXRE’s operating results in future periods.


Similarly, as a result of inflationary pressures and ongoing disruptions in global supply chains, IT’SUGAR experienced an increase in the cost of inventory and freight, as well as delays in its supply chain. While IT’SUGAR has generally been able to mitigate the impact of increased costs through increases in the prices of its products, supply chain disruptions have impacted its ability to maintain historical inventory levels at its retail locations. To the extent that costs continue to increase, there is no assurance that IT’SUGAR will be able to continue to increase the prices of its products without significantly impacting consumer demand and its sales volume. Further, following difficulties in maintaining appropriate inventory levels during fiscal 2021, IT’SUGAR increased the inventory levels at its retail locations in 2022 in an effort to ensure that it can meet consumer demand; however, in light of current economic conditions, including a possible slowdown in consumer demand, increased inventory levels have increased the risk that IT’SUGAR may be unable to sell the products timely which  may among other things result in inventory writedowns. IT’SUGAR has also experienced an increase in payroll costs as a result of shortages in available labor at its retail locations.


Global supply chain disruptions and increases in commodity prices have also contributed to a significant increase in Renin’s costs related to shipping and raw materials, as well as delays in its supply chains, which have: (i) negatively impacted Renin’s product costs and gross margin, (ii) increased the risk that Renin will be unable to fulfill customer orders, and (iii) negatively impacted Renin’s working capital and cash flows due to increased inventory in transit, a prolonged period between when it is required to pay its suppliers and it is paid by its customers, and an overall decline in its gross margin. While Renin has obtained price increases for many of its products, Renin’s gross margin has nonetheless been negatively impacted by these cost pressures. Additionally, the negotiation of increased prices with customers increases the risk that customers will pursue alternative sources for Renin’s products, which may result in Renin losing customers or require it to lower prices in an effort to retain customers. Increases in interest rates will also adversely impact Renin’s results. In addition, following difficulties in maintaining appropriate inventory levels during 2021, Renin has increased its inventory levels in an effort to ensure that it can meet consumer demand; however, in light of current economic conditions, including a slowdown in consumer demand, such increased inventory levels have increased the risk of Renin being unable to sell such products and the risk of inventory writedowns.







Basis of Presentation


The accompanying consolidated financial statements of the Company include the consolidated financial statements of BBX Capital and its subsidiaries, including BBX Capital Real Estate, BBX Sweet Holdings, and Renin.


Due to the deconsolidation of IT’SUGAR in September 2020 as a result of its bankruptcy filings and the Company’s reconsolidation of IT’SUGAR’s subsequent to its emergence from bankruptcy in June 2021, the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, consolidated statements of changes in equity, and consolidated statements of cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2020 and 2021, respectively, do not include IT’SUGAR’s results of operations from September 22, 2020 to December 31, 2020 and from January 1, 2021 to June 16, 2021, respectively. The Company’s consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income, consolidated statement of changes in equity, and consolidated statement of cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2022 include IT’SUGAR’s results of operations for the entirety of the period presented, and the Company's statements of financial condition as of December 31, 2022 and 2021 include IT’SUGAR’s consolidated assets and liabilities. 


The Company’s consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive income, consolidated statement of changes in equity, and consolidated statement of cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2020 reflect the combined financial statements of the Company for the period from January 1, 2020 to September 30, 2020 (the period prior to the spin-off from Bluegreen Vacations), which have been derived from the accounting records of Bluegreen Vacations and do not necessarily reflect what the results of operations or cash flows would have been had the Company been a separate entity.


For the period from January 1, 2020 to September 30, 2020 (the period prior to the spin-off from Bluegreen Vacations), the majority of the revenues, expenses, and cash flows of the Company have been identified based on the legal entities included in the spin-off transaction. However, the historical costs and expenses reflected in the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income, consolidated statements of changes in equity, and consolidated statements of cash flows for the period prior to the spin-off includes an allocation for certain corporate and shared service functions that were historically provided by Bluegreen Vacations prior to the spin-off. These expenses have been allocated to the Company on the basis of direct usage when identifiable, while the remainder of the expenses, including costs related to executive compensation, were allocated primarily on a pro-rata basis of the combined revenues and equity in earnings of unconsolidated joint ventures of Bluegreen Vacations and its subsidiaries. However, the allocation of corporate expenses excludes costs specific to the spin-off and the acceleration of compensation expense in connection with the spin-off. The Company believes that the assumptions underlying the consolidated financial statements for the period prior to the spin-off, including the assumptions regarding the allocation of general corporate expenses from Bluegreen Vacations, are reasonable. However, the consolidated statements for the period prior to the spin-off may not include all of the actual expenses that would have been incurred had the Company been operating as a standalone company. Actual costs that would have been incurred if the Company operated as a standalone company would depend on multiple factors, including organizational structure, technology infrastructure, and strategic direction. In addition, following the spin-off on September 30, 2020, the Company also incurred additional costs associated with being a public company that are not reflected in the above statements for the period prior to the spin-off.