Fair Value Measurement
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Fair Value Measurement [Abstract]|
|Fair Value Measurement||
19. Fair Value Measurement
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received on the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.
There are three main valuation techniques to measure the fair value of assets and liabilities: the market approach, the income approach and the cost approach. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities. The income approach uses financial models to convert future amounts to a single present amount and includes present value and option-pricing models. The cost approach is based on the amount that currently would be required to replace the service capacity of an asset and is often referred to as current replacement cost.
The accounting guidance for fair value measurements defines an input fair value hierarchy that has three broad levels and gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). The input fair value hierarchy is summarized below:
Level 1: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
Level 2: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities, or unadjusted quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability
Level 3: Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability
There were no material assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring or nonrecurring basis in the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2020 and 2019.
Management has made estimates of fair value that it believes to be reasonable. However, because there is no active market for many of these financial instruments, the fair values of the majority of the Company’s financial instruments have been derived using the income approach technique with Level 3 unobservable inputs. Estimates used in net present value financial models rely on assumptions and judgments regarding issues in which the outcome is unknown, and actual results or values may differ significantly from these estimates. The Company’s fair value estimates do not consider the tax effect that would be associated with the disposition of the assets or liabilities at their fair value estimates. As such, the estimated value upon sale or disposition of the asset may not be received, and the estimated value upon disposition of the liability in advance of its scheduled maturity may not be paid.
The amounts reported in the consolidated statements of financial condition for cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash approximate fair value.
The estimated fair value of the Company’s note receivable from BVH was measured using the income approach with Level 3 inputs by discounting the forecasted cash inflows associated with the note using an estimated market discount rate.
The fair values of the Company’s Community Development Bonds, which are included in notes payable and other borrowings above, were measured using the market approach with Level 3 inputs obtained based on estimated market prices of similar financial instruments.
The fair values of the Company’s notes payable and other borrowings (other than Community Development Bonds above) were measured using the income approach with Level 3 inputs by discounting the forecasted cash outflows associated with the debt using estimated market discount rates.
The Company’s financial instruments also include trade accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued liabilities. The carrying amount of these financial instruments approximate their fair values due to their short-term maturities.
The Company is exposed to credit related losses in the event of non-performance by counterparties to the financial instruments with a maximum exposure equal to the carrying amount of the assets. The Company’s exposure to credit risk consists of accounts receivable balances.
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef